Engineering, Manufacture, and Measurement of 3D Domed Woven Fabrics

(11/11/2002 20:00)

In a conventional view, flatness has been one of the criteria that a quality
woven fabric should meet. However, the flat fabrics are being used to make
3D shapes for various applications in practice and the most commonly used
technique for forming 3D shapes is cutting and sewing, which inevitably
break the continuity of the fibres and yarns and may cause negative effects
aesthetically and also from the performance perspective. This paper reports
on a recent research at UMIST on engineering, manufacture, and measurement
of 3D Domed woven fabrics. An add-on device was engineered for a loom to
alter the weaving conditions so that a domed shape can be produced through
the standard weaving process. Different weaves were used to enhance the dome
effect. A mouldability tester was developed to evaluate the dome effect.
Fabrics with 3D domes are useful for technical applications where fabrics
need to be moulded into 3D shape and will be useful as clothing and fashion
fabrics where smooth 3D shapes are imperative, such as the shoulders and

By: Xiaogang Chen and Ayse Ebru Tayyar

Submit Date: 11/11/2002 20:00

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